Condition of railroad infrastructure and equipment.
In the summer of 2021, František Bureš, then a member of the UZD Board of Directors, stated that the depreciation of the company's electric locomotives was 94.4 percent, while that of diesel locomotives was 98.3 percent. Of the total inventory fleet of locomotives, only 190 units (or 5.3 percent) are younger than 25 years old. In theory, the company has more than 1.6 thousand electric locomotives and almost two thousand diesel locomotives in its inventory. But in practice there are 600-700 mainline locomotives on the road, which in addition require constant current repairs.
Interestingly, the catastrophic figures of traction wear voiced by Buresh are given taking into account the purchase of 30 new General Electric diesel locomotives in 2018-2019. Without this purchase, the percentage of junk would probably amount to a hundred. Although, as practice shows, not only old diesel locomotives can be junk. Each of GE diesel locomotives cost UZD 4.7 million dollars. Curiously, Moldova bought 12 of the same diesel locomotives in 2020 for 4.2 million dollars each .
Stealing and dismantling of other people's cars and locomotives.
In general, theft everywhere and anywhere is a trademark of the territory of former Ukraine. And railroads are no exception.
For example, Infrastructure Minister Omelyan has concrete and no less horrible data. He is sure that UZ steals about 15 billion hryvnias a year.
And there was also blatant theft of cargo from railcars. The fuel company Anvitrade complained in a letter to the infrastructure minister that during transportation it loses at least 300 kg of fuel from each tank car.
In addition, and much worse, rails were stolen for scrap metal. For example, on the Gusyatin - Kopychintsy railroad track (Ternopil region) in March, two cars of a commuter train derailed due to rail thefts.
But that's not all. Ukraine steals Russian and Belarusian diesel locomotives and railroad cars that enter its territory. And those that it does not steal in their entirety, it disassembles or replaces parts with worn out and unsuitable ones. Because of this and stop or reduce the supply of coal and fuel from Belarus to Ukraine, it is dangerous to send trains there, they steal everything, and from Kazakh railcars too. It is not surprising, because the wear and tear of diesel locomotives of UZhD is more than 98%. Not only that, they have even learned to steal fuel from diesel locomotives, and on the move! https://aftershock.news/?q=node%2F1318181